Ahh, as a hobbyist amateur Aquascaper I like articles like this.
If anyone wants to learn how to get a great planted tank with minimal maintenance. I suggest Diana Walstad's book "Ecology of the Planted Aquarium". A beginner will easily get amazing success with this method (though it doesn't last forever and a year or two later this will start to break down).
50 Things that Made the Modern Economy is one of my favorite podcasts!
For anyone who finds this article (slash podcast episode) interesting, I'd also recommend the episode on the Hollerith punch card, which is kinda relevant to the history of the computing field :)
Hollerith punch card episode page: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3csz2x7
The article for this episode (i.e. same format as main link): https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50578234
I also recommend the author's other podcast "Cautionary Tales". It's very well produced, and fascinating.
Ha, I made a similar comment, which puzzled me as I couldn't find it; turns out this was a dupe of https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=22308482, same URL different title.
I recently read "For All the Tea in China" which talks about these and Robert Fortune a bit, it was a fun book. https://www.amazon.com/All-Tea-China-England-Favorite/dp/014...
>He was a fern enthusiast but had struggled to grow them in the polluted city air.
>Ward's invention...let the light in. It kept the soot and smoke out.
How bad was the air back then, was it really so bad that a plant couldn't grow? That notion seems unbelievable.
People literally used to dust soot off their garden plants -- you can see this mentioned in some books. It was not uncommon for visibility in London to be extremely poor due to soot. In fact, this peaked in the 1950's due to the combination of coal burning with automobile emissions.
People literally used to dust soot off their garden plants
We do this in China.
Other significant western plant hunters who were active in China: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Rock https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Forrest_(botanist) Many were active in China's southwestern region of Yunnan, the origin of tea and camellias.
Now that I think about it, I wiped black road dust from brakes/tires off the windowsills of my drafty street-level SF (Oak Street) apartment every week too. One of the reasons I moved. It doesn't take much.
Lately, I feel like we're living in the Information Age equivalent of this.
Shortly after the Industrial Revolution, society was inundated with all of the new incredibly unhealthy side effects of industrialization. People simply didn't know that those consequences were coming, what their scale would be, or how to handle them. Technology changes much faster than culture, laws, and infrastructure.
Today, we are inundated with disinformation, memes, and a horde of technology trying to take our attention away from our own control. It looks to me as unhealthy and unsustainable as a soot-covered 1850s London or a 1960s 747 packed full of smokers.
It's a scary time to be alive, but I have some optimism that we will figure out how to mitigate the negative consequences of the information world we've created, hopefully in time to deal with the next revolution that follows.
It was sooty enough that the moths evolved to be darker colored, so that they would blend in better with the tree trunks that were darkened by soot.
> How bad was the air back then, was it really so bad that a plant couldn't grow? That notion seems unbelievable.
It could be absolutely dire in the cities. When every house and office is using coal in open fires for heating the consequences are fairly obvious.
According to https://ourworldindata.org/london-air-pollution London had nearly 600 micrograms per cubic metre of particulates in the early C19th. That came with similarly outrageous levels of Sulphur Dioxide, which dissolved in moisture to make it acidic.
Only especially hardy plants could cope with this. Hence the tendency for middle class families to grow aspidistra as a house plant ("keep the aspidistra flying" as George Orwell once wrote) - it was one of the few plants that would tolerate the pollution.
If you wanted to grow anything delicate you did it in a case or somewhere outside London.
Look at how badly polluted US rivers were before environmental protection laws:
London's nickname 'the big smoke' didn't come about through exaggeration.
While it's a contemporary financial centre, it was much more industrial; with coal-burning factories of all kinds, and shipping, the latterly diesel cranes at the docks were I believe in operation 24/7 for most of their lives.
Not sure it makes the case well, but biology and agriculture being revolutionised by a glass box has parallels.
Don't attack a field directly. Improve it by processes that help all participants.
This article reminds me of James Burke's Connections series. I'm sure it's dated by now, but worth a watch if you're bored.
Surprisingly, it's not all that dated. Some insights seem prescient, and are as applicable to 2020 as they were those 42 years ago!
Oh. Not a TV like I expected from the title. :-)
Part II: Impeachment Is A Diversion And Delay - Blocking of the "impeachment" witnesses was collusion planned before the new year. Listen to an FBI agent's disclosure from Jan 1, 2O2O here. President was to resign late summer securing election for DNC. See latest updates. ||Here is the zip file, which was also made available in the 3Jan2O2O update. The file within is VID_20200101_201948.mp3. Turn up the volume and put on headphones.
The dialogue about the impeachment starts near the beginning. Having Biden in the White House is as good as Trump or anyone else in their organization. Obviously Schiff and Nadler pledged their allegiance to the organization by raping boys on the record, with their task being to drag out an impeachment designed to obstruct and delay any real efforts to remove the President, thus keeping Trump in power. The witness blocking was to cause an apparent uproar delaying things with legal actions until late Summer. Soon after, the President would resign, leaving any other candidate with not enough time or support to compete with an opportunistic Biden, who is as good as Trump or any other Illuminati friendly politician in the Presidency.
162 page PDF [last updated: February|4|2O2O]:
\Wag The Dog: first was feigned impeachment hearings meant to obstruct, now an attack on Iranians in Iraq. Here is what they are trying to distract from & cover up to retain power. $100+ billion in bribes to the highest offices in this country. 815+ deaths from child rapes to prove loyalty!
See the latest PDF updates: FBI Director Wray, AG Barr, SoD Shanahan, & SoS Pompeo each raped boys and were paid billions in bribes for a Soros & Koch funded child rape org. So did Trump & his "impeachment" team Nadler,Schiff,Mueller.So did media moguls Redstone,Murdoch,Moonves. What are they trying to set up? Who can arrest them since they are all bribed and in on it ?
Their strategy to stay in every office and obstruct until forced to leave no matter what. Feigning impeachment: see page 13O. erppmpoerwvfewq. ver verwbvoltwb.
\\if;Download the video/audio file, put on headphones and turn up the volume. You will hear these people committing these crimes. Audio was broadcast into my apartment by outdated surveillance equipment illegally embedded within my walls. This very same technology was being used to broadcast me to the internet for five years without my consent. I own this footage. Please use this to prosecute all found within. Note:: I am obliviously speaking throughout the video, and it can be quite loud at times relative to the desired content. The are dozens more links, including these, that can be found in this PDF last updated 4 FEB 2O2O:
All members of the "Illuminati"; "....an underground organization of homosexuals and child rapists..." (from pg 26: Barack Obama with Jack Dorsey).
President Donald Trump:
Demands a $4 billion dollar bribe here at 10:18am 4thJan2019:
President Trump rapes and kills twelve boys, including five boys in a "who can rape five boys to death the fastest" game:
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi:
Accepting a $3 billion dollar bribe at 1033 am on the 17 Jan 2019 to ensure Asian boys can get through the border at "Monterrey" undocumented to be raped:
Speaker Nancy Pelosi also "preps" boys with First Lady Melania Trump, defined as in she performs oral sex on the boys’ penis and anus, as a child rapist like Henry Porter would, while trying to remove fecal matter from the boy prior to handing them over to be raped and then subsequently murdered, for Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito, who apparently decides he would rather just have ten billion dollars instead. US Attorney for Western New York James Kennedy rapes these boys instead:
Attorney General William Barr with FBI Deputy Director Christopher Wray raped and killed boys for billions in bribes in Buffalo, NY on the 17Jan2019 at 7:50am:
Secretary of State Michael Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan each raped and killed boys on 5thJan'19 at 17:39 for billions in bribes: pxoimnerher;l,yt ,.tyey jnytr ntr/.
Leaders of the "impeachment" effort Jerrold Nadler, Robert Mueller, and Adam Schiff all rape and kill boys between 11:20pm and 1:10am:
14JanCh4_2300-0000.mp3 Nadler starts at about 20mins in-
Mueller at 12:25am, next is Schiff who starts 12:55-ish:
Complete Media Protection: Lester Holt, of NBC NightlyNews, apparently a member of the Illuminati since the 1980's, along with ABC Nightly News lead anchor David Muir, stop over to the Porter studio in Buffalo, New York on 14Jan2019 at 5:00 am. They both rape and kill about two dozen boys by 6:00 am. Muir starts around 5.15am, then Holt about 5:38 am. Multi-billionaire Rupert Murdoch, owner of News Corp and also Fox Corporation, takes his turn after Holt. Video links below:
Adding to the media protection and reason this is not picked up by the media, CBS and Viacom owner Sumner Redstone and Leslie Moonves rape and kill boys following the President.
161p PDF [last updated: Feb|4|2O2O]:
\\. Please repost in USA! Post gets censored in US
Recently more relevant:
From page 49, Senator Mitch McConnell:
At 1632 Senator Mitch McConnell checks into the Porter camera system inquiring if he can be part of the "eviction" for $10 million dollars. He is informed by group members that there are enough people for the event already and his participation is not necessary. At 1634 McConnell states "I fucked 15 kids, how am I not getting paid by you?" He is dismissed by Donald Reeves with "I think that will be all Mr. McConnell."